Africa’s most industrialised economy is heavily dependent on coal, which generates 80 percent of its electricity.
South Africa, one of the world’s largest greenhouse-gas emitters, has been granted financing of $497m to decommission one of its largest coal-fired power plants and convert it to renewable energy, the World Bank said.
In a statement overnight on Thursday, the bank said the newly closed Komati power station about 170 kilometres (105 miles) northeast of Johannesburg will be repurposed using solar and wind sources, supported by batteries for storage.
The project aims at easing carbon emissions and creating economic opportunities in the area, which has been home to one of Africa’s largest coal plants for more than 60 years.
“Closing the Komati plant this week is a good first step toward low carbon development,” said World Bank Group President David Malpass.
South Africa secured $8.5bn in loans and grants at the UN climate talks last year from a group of rich nations to finance its switch to greener energy.
But it remains heavily dependent on coal, which generates 80 percent of its electricity. The power sector accounts for 41 percent of national CO2 emissions.
Africa’s most industrialised economy has been suffering sweeping power outages caused by failures at state-owned energy firm Eskom’s ageing and poorly maintained infrastructure.
Workers laid off by the plant’s closure will be supported through a transition plan, while a portion of the financing will be spent on creating economic opportunities within local communities.
The funding comprises a $439.5m World Bank loan, a $47.5m concessional loan from the Canadian Clean Energy and Forests Climate Facility and a $10m grant from the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP), an initiative to help low and middle-income countries.
Earlier this week the World Bank said South Africa would require at least $500bn to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050.